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Technical and Environmental Efficiencies of Ontario Dairy Farming Systems

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dc.contributor.advisor Weersink, Alfons Dayananda, Chathurika 2016-09-16T19:12:16Z 2016-09-16T19:12:16Z 2016-09 2016-09-09 2016-09-16
dc.description.abstract This thesis estimates technical and environmental efficiencies for a sample of Ontario dairy farms and examines the relationship between these efficiency measures and characteristics of the farm and farmer. Using a stochastic input distance function to estimate the production relationship between four inputs and four outputs (one of which is greenhouse gas emissions), we find that the Ontario dairy farms have a high level of average technical efficiency but relatively low environmental efficiency. There is a positive and significant correlation between technical and environmental efficiencies. Environmental efficiency measure increases with herd size. The findings suggest there is not a trade-off between technical and environmental efficiency for Ontario dairy farms. Instead, reducing the amount of inputs used to produce a given amount of milk will also reduce greenhouse gas emissions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Stochastic input distance function en_US
dc.subject technical efficiency en_US
dc.subject environmental efficiency en_US
dc.subject greenhouse gas emissions en_US
dc.subject Ontario en_US
dc.subject dairy en_US
dc.title Technical and Environmental Efficiencies of Ontario Dairy Farming Systems en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Food, Agriculture and Resource Economics en_US Master of Science en_US Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics en_US
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