Antimicrobial-resistance of Escherichia coli in dogs and cats: A scoping review protocol
Background: Escherichia coli is one of the most prevalent bacteria affecting dogs and cats globally. The occurrence of bacterial diseases has promoted the use of antimicrobials. Antimicrobial use is associated with the risk of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in companion animals, thereby making bacterial diseases challenging to treat. E. coli can rapidly adapt, change, acquire, and discard genes to its advantage, consequently resisting several classes of antimicrobials within the host. Dogs and cats can serve as reservoirs of AMR due to their exposure to antimicrobials and close association with humans. Globally, surveillance of AMR has primarily been implemented for food-producing animals due to the risk of potential transfer of AMR genes to the human population through the food chain. Surveillance efforts of similar intensity for companion animals have yet to be implemented despite their closeness to humans.
Objectives: The primary objective of this scoping review is to identify and summarize existing research on AMR in E. coli among dogs and cats, noting the purpose of AMR testing and determining knowledge gaps to inform future research.
Eligibility criteria: Full text publication on the AMR of E. coli among dogs and /or cats must be accessible in English and should pertain to primary research.
Sources of evidence: The search will be conducted from 1990 onwards using the following databases: MEDLINE® via Ovid, Web of Science (Core Collection), Biological Science Collection via ProQuest, AGRICOLA, and CAB Direct. Additional searches will be conducted in Google Scholar.
Charting methods: Data will be characterized from the articles that met the criteria for inclusion after both primary and secondary screening.