Observer perceptions of pain in children with cognitive impairments: Vignette development and validation

Date

2015

Authors

Genik, Lara
McMurtry, Meghan
Breau, Lynn

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Future Medicine

Abstract

Aims: (1) develop vignettes depicting pain in children with cognitive impairments manipulating pain source and child’s verbal ability, and (2) conduct initial validity analyses. Materials/Methods: Seventy-six undergraduate students (38 female, Mage = 19.55) responded to six vignettes by rating (0-10): (1) pain intensity, (2) how difficult it was to rate pain intensity , (3) perceived need for medical attention and (4) perceived need for other attention (e.g., physical comfort). Results: Participant ratings significantly varied by pain source (e.g., a headache was rated more painful compared to injections). Verbal ability had no impact on ratings. Conclusions: These vignettes could serve as ethical and effective alternatives for gathering information from caregivers about pain in children with CI.

Description

Keywords

children, cognitive impairment, vignettes, pain assessment, pain management

Citation

Genik, L. McMurtry, M. Breau, L. 2015. Observer perceptions of pain in children with cognitive impairments: Vignette development and validation. Pain Managment. https://doi.org/10.2217/pmt.15.42

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