Comparison and Selection of Saprophagous Diptera Species for Poultry Manure Conversion

dc.contributor.advisorZheng, Youbin
dc.contributor.advisorMarshall, Steve
dc.contributor.authorLomas, Nichelle
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-13T15:38:03Z
dc.date.available2012-04-13T15:38:03Z
dc.date.copyright2012-04
dc.date.created2012-04-09
dc.date.issued2012-04-13
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Environmental Biologyen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.degree.programmeEnvironmental Biologyen_US
dc.description.abstractEfficient disposal methods are needed to manage manure produced by industrial animal production. Saprophagous fly larvae could potentially convert manure into fertilizer and produce protein; however, the process is not well studied. Musca domestica, Hydrotaea aenescens, and Coproica hirtula were investigated to determine the most suitable species and conditions that facilitate efficient poultry manure conversion. The objectives were to (1) develop laboratory protocols and timelines for fly production; (2) identify environmental conditions that affect conversion; and (3) determine the ideal manure moisture content, depth, and fly egg-to-manure ratio for manure conversion and protein production. Mass-production was possible for every species and timelines were established for all species except C. hirtula. The most promising species for use in a conversion system was M. domestica and the presence of C. hirtula facilitated complete conversion. When using these species simultaneously the ideal initial conditions were: 77.5% moisture, 2.9cm deep and 0.82g eggs/kg manure.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOntario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10214/3497
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectpoultry manureen_US
dc.subjectsaprophagous Dipteraen_US
dc.subjectmanure conversionen_US
dc.subjectlarvaeen_US
dc.subjectpupal proteinen_US
dc.subjectfertilizeren_US
dc.subjectMusca domesticaen_US
dc.subjectCoproica hirtulaen_US
dc.subjectHydrotaea aenescensen_US
dc.titleComparison and Selection of Saprophagous Diptera Species for Poultry Manure Conversionen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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