Essays in Applied Microeconomics

dc.contributor.advisorHoy, Michael
dc.contributor.advisorAnnen, Kurt
dc.contributor.authorAgyei Asiamah, Henrietta
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-29T22:31:42Z
dc.date.available2021-07-29T22:31:42Z
dc.date.copyright2021-07
dc.date.created2021-06-28
dc.date.issued2020-09
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Economics and Financeen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.degree.programmeEconomicsen_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis consists of three Essays in Applied Microeconomics. Chapter 1 focuses on childhood chronic poverty estimates that look beyond a count approach. Chapter 2 examines the link between early childhood chronic poverty experiences and adult outcomes. Chapter 3 examines the relationship between women legislators in Africa and foreign aid allocations. In addressing the question of which child suffers greater chronic poverty, Chapter 1 looks beyond a count-based approach by paying attention to poverty measurement approaches that account for the timing, spacing and severity of poverty spells. I compare chronic poverty experiences between groups of children based on race, age of mother at birth, region, type of household, parental educational attainment and experiences of parental marital dissolution. Not surprisingly, non-whites suffer more chronic poverty than whites. This study shows that this difference is significantly increased when the timing and spacing of poverty spells are accounted for. Chapter 2 investigates the association between chronic poverty experiences from birth to age 10 and later life outcomes at age 25 and 30 using chronic poverty measures that account for the timing, spacing and severity of poverty spells. After controlling for correlates of childhood poverty, the results reveal that assessing the link between chronic child poverty and adverse outcomes in adulthood based solely on time spent poor, ignoring critical aspects of chronic poverty, gives misleading estimates of the extent of damage suffered by adults who experienced chronic poverty as young children. Chapter 3 examines the recent rise in the share of women legislators globally. We document a strong and statistically robust relationship: an increase in the share of women legislators from 15 to 20 percent is associated with an increase of about 4.3 percent in aid conditional on current levels of aid. We also show that the most effective policy instrument to implement higher women representation in national legislators in Africa is through reserved seats for women. We estimate that reserving seats for women in parliaments in a recipient country is associated with about a 53 percent increase in aid receipts.en_US
dc.identifier.citationAsiamah, H. A. "Childhood Chronic Poverty Estimations: Looking Beyond a Count Index", Child Indicators Research,14, 185�??215 (2021) https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-020-09764-2
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10214/26154
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectchronic povertyen_US
dc.subjectearly childhooden_US
dc.subjectforeign aiden_US
dc.subjectwomen in parliamenten_US
dc.titleEssays in Applied Microeconomicsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
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