Morphological Adaptations and Membrane Stabilizing Mechanisms of Overwintering Miscanthus (Poaceae)

dc.contributor.advisorDeen, Bill
dc.contributor.authorWithers, Katherine
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-12T13:49:37Z
dc.date.available2015-01-12T13:49:37Z
dc.date.copyright2015-01
dc.date.created2015-01-06
dc.date.issued2015-01-12
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Plant Agricultureen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.degree.programmePlant Agricultureen_US
dc.description.abstractThe bioenergy grass, Miscanthus, demonstrates genotypic variation in cold tolerance. The effect of varying belowground morphological characteristics and growth habit on winter survival of Miscanthus genotypes not been examined. Further, biochemical changes that occur during cold acclimation that stabilize cell membranes in the rhizome and confer increased tolerance to freeze-induced cellular injury and desiccation stress are not well understood. There were two aims of this work: (i) characterize the morphology and growth habit of Miscanthus genotypes that differ in responses to low-temperature stress, (ii) assess the changes in fatty acid saturation state and raffinose family oligosaccharide (RFO) concentrations during autumn cold acclimation. Regrowth viability and membrane stability was tested using field-acclimated plant material to assess the freeze tolerance of three genotypes ‘M114’, ‘M116’, and ‘M1-Select’. Rhizomes of field-grown Miscanthus genotypes were sampled at three time points (early autumn, late autumn, and spring) for fatty acid analysis, and four times during the autumn for RFO analysis in 2010 and 2011. An additional three Miscanthus genotypes were included for morphological measurements of field-grown plants, ‘M118’, ‘M119’, and ‘M161’. There was variation in rhizome length, rhizome growth type, culm growth, tiller recruitment strategy, and clumping habit among the six genotypes. Intravaginal tillering and indeterminate rhizomes may contribute to overwintering success. The lethal freezing temperature (LT50) of Miscanthus pooled across genotypes based on regrowth viability tests was -4.4 oC and was estimated to be between -4.8 0C and -6.6 oC based on electrolyte leakage tests of membrane stability. Double Bond Index (DBI), a measurement of membrane fluidity, increased between early autumn, late autumn and spring, from 1.1 to 1.4. Concentrations of linoleic acid (C18:2n6) and alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3n3) increased by 24% and 36%, respectively between early autumn and spring. RFO concentrations increased over the cold acclimation period in all genotypes, from 2 to 13 mol kg-1 in 2010 and from 3 to 30 mol kg-1 between the first and final sampling in 2011. These findings could be used in the development of a cold tolerance screen for Miscanthus germplasm.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOntario Ministry of Agriculture and Food
dc.description.sponsorshipOntario Soil and Crop Improvement Association
dc.description.sponsorshipOntario Forage Council
dc.description.sponsorshipAgricultural Adaptation Council
dc.description.sponsorshipOntario Biomass Producers Co-operative
dc.description.sponsorshipNew Energy Farms
dc.description.sponsorshipMITACS Accelerate PhD Fellowship
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10214/8708
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectMiscanthusen_US
dc.subjectrhizomesen_US
dc.subjectmorphologyen_US
dc.subjectraffinoseen_US
dc.subjectfatty acidsen_US
dc.subjectcold toleranceen_US
dc.subjectbioenergyen_US
dc.subjectbiomassen_US
dc.titleMorphological Adaptations and Membrane Stabilizing Mechanisms of Overwintering Miscanthus (Poaceae)en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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