Abdominal obesity in persons with versus without chronic spinal cord injury

Date

Authors

Edwards, Lesley

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

University of Guelph

Abstract

This thesis was an investigation of abdominal adipose tissue (total (TAT), visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT)) in adults with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) compared with that of able-bodied (AB) controls matched for age, gender and waist circumference (WC). We also examined the relationship between WC and VAT. Thirty-one men and women ('n' = 15 SCI, 16 AB), participated in this cross-sectional study. Adipose tissue was quantified by computed tomography at L4-L5. WC was measured at three sites (lowest rib, iliac crest, midpoint between the two). Persons with SCI had 58% more VAT ('P'=0.003),48% higher VAT/SAT ratio (' P'=0.034) and 26% more TAT ('P'=0.055) than AB controls, after accounting for differences in weight. There was no difference in SAT between groups. WC at all sites was associated with VAT in both groups. High levels of VAT exist in young people with SCI who identify themselves as active and healthy.

Description

Keywords

abdominal adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue, subcutaneous adipose tissue, adults, chronic spinal cord injury, able-bodied, age, gender, waist circumference

Citation