Improving the Utilization of Research Knowledge in Agri-food Public Health: A Mixed-Method Review of Knowledge Translation and Transfer

dc.contributor.authorRajic, Andrijana
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Ian
dc.contributor.authorMcEwen, Scott A. of Population Medicineen
dc.descriptionThis is a copy of an article published in the journal Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 2013 © Crown Copyright Published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.; Foodborne Pathogens and Disease is available online at:
dc.description.abstractAbstract Knowledge translation and transfer (KTT) aims to increase research utilization and ensure that the best available knowledge is used to inform policy and practice. Many frameworks, methods, and terms are used to describe KTT, and the field has largely developed in the health sector over the past decade. There is a need to review key KTT principles and methods in different sectors and evaluate their potential application in agri-food public health. We conducted a structured mixed-method review of the KTT literature. From 827 citations identified in a comprehensive search, we characterized 160 relevant review articles, case studies, and reports. A thematic analysis was conducted on a prioritized and representative subset of 33 articles to identify key principles and characteristics for ensuring effective KTT. The review steps were conducted by two or more independent reviewers using structured and pretested forms. We identified five key principles for effective KTT that were described within two contexts: to improve research utilization in general and to inform policy-making. To ensure general research uptake, there is a need for the following: (1) relevant and credible research; (2) ongoing interactions between researchers and end-users; (3) organizational support and culture; and (4) monitoring and evaluation. To inform policy-making, (5) researchers must also address the multiple and competing contextual factors of the policy-making process. We also describe 23 recommended and promising KTT methods, including six synthesis (e.g., systematic reviews, mixed-method reviews, and rapid reviews); nine dissemination (e.g., evidence summaries, social media, and policy briefs); and eight exchange methods (e.g., communities of practice, knowledge brokering, and policy dialogues). A brief description, contextual example, and key references are provided for each method. We recommend a wider endorsement of KTT principles and methods in agri-food public health, but there are also important gaps and challenges that should be addressed in the future.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Guelph and Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food Agri-Food and Rural Link "Knowledge Translation and Transfer" Funding Program and Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada.en_US
dc.identifier.citationRajic, A., Young, I., McEwen, S.A., 2013. Improving the utilization of research knowledge in agri-food public health: A mixed-method review of knowledge translation and transfer. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. 10, DOI: 10.1089/fpd.2012.1349
dc.publisherMary Ann Liebert, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectknowledge translationen_US
dc.subjectknowledge transferen_US
dc.subjectresearch utilizationen_US
dc.subjectevidence-informed policy-makingen_US
dc.subjectagri-food public healthen_US
dc.titleImproving the Utilization of Research Knowledge in Agri-food Public Health: A Mixed-Method Review of Knowledge Translation and Transferen_US


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