An Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Immigrants to Urban and Rural Canada Using the Multidimensional Individual Difference Acculturation (MIDA) model
In the present chapter, the processes of acculturation experienced by immigrants living in rural and urban settings in Canada are examined. Comparative analyses using the MIDA (Multidimensional Individual Differences Acculturation) model were conducted with immigrants living in rural and urban settings. Two hundred twelve first-generation immigrants living in rural (n=106) and urban (n=106) areas in the province of Ontario, Canada participated in the study. The results demonstrated that the urban sample scored significantly higher on measures of adjustment than the rural sample. There were, however, several consistent relations between predictors and outcome measures in the MIDA model for both samples. The findings are discussed with reference to the relative isolation of the rural sample, Canadian policy toward immigrants, and measurement issues.