LGBTIQ2S+ Perceptions of Procedural Justice and Police Legitimacy
The relationship between LGBTIQ2S+ Canadians and the police has long been fraught with tension, and the role of policing in LGBTIQ2+ communities has been the subject of significant public debate and scrutiny. However, little research has been conducted on LGBTIQ2S+ Canadians’ perceptions of police legitimacy, the antecedents thereof, nor how these perceptions vary by identity within the community. This thesis seeks to address these gaps in the existing literature by asking: Is there a relationship between LGBTIQ2S+ Canadians’ perceptions of procedural justice and their perceptions of police legitimacy? How do perceptions of police legitimacy differ between identities within the Canadian LGBTIQ2S+ community? These research questions are addressed using survey responses from 338 LGBTIQ2S+-identifying individuals in Canada, analyzed using mixed-methods. The findings reveal that procedural justice is strongly associated with police legitimacy, and participants have notably low perceptions of both variables. Further, perceptions of police legitimacy vary by identity within the community.