The Testing Effect: Limitations of the Mediator Effectiveness Hypothesis

dc.contributor.advisorMarmurek, Harvey
dc.contributor.authorDiMarco, Donnelle
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-02T16:54:12Z
dc.date.available2021-09-02T16:54:12Z
dc.date.copyright2021-09
dc.date.created2021-08-24
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.degree.programmePsychologyen_US
dc.description.abstractThe testing effect is the finding that completing a test rather than restudying is beneficial for memory performance. One explanation of the testing effect is the mediator effectiveness hypothesis. This hypothesis suggests while completing a test, a mediator (M) will become activated and enhance the link between a cue (C) and a target (T). Two experiments provided evidence for limitations of the mediator effectiveness hypothesis. In Experiment 1, semantic mediator cues were not more effective as cues for target recall compared to target-related cues. As well, participants were more likely to make an original cue error when presented with semantic mediator cues than target-related cues. In Experiment 2, shallow processing during encoding impaired the effectiveness of semantic mediator cues. These experiments identify limitations of the mediator effectiveness hypothesis as a general explanation of the testing effect. Alternative explanations of the testing effect should address the role of backward associations from the mediator to the original cue and the role of depth of encoding during original learning.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10214/26339
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/*
dc.subjectTesting effecten_US
dc.subjectpaired associatesen_US
dc.subjectcued-recallen_US
dc.subjectlevels of processingen_US
dc.titleThe Testing Effect: Limitations of the Mediator Effectiveness Hypothesisen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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