Coordination of 1,2,3,5-Dithiadiazolyl Radical Ligands to Paramagnetic Metal Ions: a Framework for Molecule Based Magnets
New 1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl (DTDA), 1,2,3,5-diselenadiazolyl (DSDA) radicals and their resulting metal complexes were synthesized and characterized. The overarching theme of this thesis is the utility of intermolecular interactions for facilitating previously unseen magnetic behaviours in thiazyl radical-metal complexes. This thesis contains the first examples of thiazyl radical metal complexes acting as molecule based magnets. The 4-benzoxazol-2′-yl-1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl (boaDTDA) radical and its selenium analogue 4-benzoxazol-2′-yl-1,2,3,5-diselenadiazolyl (boaDSDA) were coordinated to several paramagnetic metal ions including transition metal ions Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II). The Ni(hfac)2(boaDTDA) and Ni(hfac)2(boaDSDA) complexes are isomorphous and both demonstrate step like π-stacking leading to additional ferromagnetic (FM) intermolecular interactions. The Mn(hfac)2(boaDTDA) (hfac = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoroacetylacetonato) complex was the first DTDA metal complex to conclusively show that intermolecular S(DTDA)…O(hfac) contacts can lead to intermolecular anti-ferromagnetic (AF) interactions which, in turn, can lead to a large spin ground state. Based on the magnetic properties of the Mn(hfac)2(boaDTDA) complex, a new DTDA biradical ligand, 4,6-bisDTDApyrimidine (bisDTDApym), was developed and coordinated to Mn(hfac)2. The resulting dinuclear Mn(II) complex, [Mn(hfac)2]2(bisDTDApym), is arranged in the solid state by short S(DTDA)…O(hfac) interactions forming two dimensional ferrimagnetic sheets. These ferrimagnetic sheets AF couple to one another, giving rise to AF ordering below 4.5 K. The [Mn(hfac)2]2(bisDTDApym) is the first thiazyl metal complex to magnetically order and is a unique example of a molecular coordination complex which magnetically orders. This thesis also presents the synthesis and characterization of precursor materials of the form Ln(hfac)3(DME) (DME = dimethoxyethane) for coordination reactions to thiazyl radical ligands. The Dy(hfac)3(boaDTDA) and Dy(hfac)3(pyDTDA) (pyDTDA = 4-(2′-pyridyl)-1,2,3,5-DTDA) complexes demonstrate single molecule magnetism with energy barriers of 100 K and 70 K respectively. Ten-coordinate Ln(hfac)3(pyDTDA)2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr) complexes demonstrate phase transition behaviour between dimerized and undimerized phases and were studied by X-ray crystallography and magnetometry. The aforementioned compounds are some of the over 50 new compounds which have been synthesized and fully characterized in this thesis.