The accuracy of parental reporting of preschoolers' dietary intake using an online self-administered 24-hour recall

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Wallace, Angela
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University of Guelph

The purpose of the current study was to assess the criterion validity of ASA24-Canada (an online automated self-administered 24-hour dietary recall) for capturing dietary intake among children aged 2 to 5 years (n=40) using parental proxy reporting. The study was conducted in a daycare setting, where parent-reported intake was compared to true intake for three meals. On average across all eating occasions, 79% of the foods consumed by the children were reported by the parents as exact or close matches. Although parents could accurately identify the food/beverage items their children consumed, they significantly overestimated total energy, most nutrients and portion size intakes. The findings of this research suggest the parent-reported ASA24 can allow for the collection of reliable sources of information about food/beverage items children consume; however, further research and improved portion size estimate techniques are needed to ensure that comprehensive intake data is provided.

diet, preschoolers, dietary assessment, dietary recall, nutrition, validation