Investigating the Prevalence and Transmission of Campylobacter on Farms in the United States and Canada

dc.contributor.advisorSargeant, Jan
dc.contributor.advisorGreer, Amy
dc.contributor.authorPlishka, Mikayla
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-11T21:54:37Z
dc.date.available2020-12-11T21:54:37Z
dc.date.copyright2020
dc.date.created2020-11-20
dc.date.issued2020-12
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Population Medicineen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.degree.programmePopulation Medicineen_US
dc.description.abstractCampylobacter are common food-borne bacteria that represent a substantial burden of illness in humans. Although chickens are a common source of human infection, Campylobacter infects many different food animal species. However, there is limited research that quantifies the presence of Campylobacter in livestock species at the beginning of the farm-to-fork production chain in the United States and Canada. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the overall prevalence of Campylobacter in live dairy cattle, beef cattle, chicken, turkey, and swine. Further, a deterministic model was developed to examine the wide variation in the observed prevalence that is reported in chickens. Findings show that Campylobacter is widely prevalent in livestock and poultry farms, and that prevalence in chickens may be impacted by the time at which the flock is exposed to the pathogen. This research provides baseline data for future investigations into control interventions that reduce the on-farm prevalence of Campylobacter.en_US
dc.identifier.citationAccepted for publication as: Plishka M, Sargeant JM, Greer AL, Winder C, Hookey S. (2020). The prevalence of Campylobacter in live cattle, turkey, chicken, and swine in the United States and Canada: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. http://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2020.2834
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10214/23519
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectCampylobacteren_US
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectFarmsen_US
dc.subjectswineen_US
dc.subjectcattleen_US
dc.subjectchickenen_US
dc.subjectTurkeyen_US
dc.subjectLivestocken_US
dc.titleInvestigating the Prevalence and Transmission of Campylobacter on Farms in the United States and Canadaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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