The potential for controlling house flies (Musca domestica L.) in organic dairy operations with repellent essential oils and organic attractants

dc.contributor.advisorScott-Dupree, Cynthia
dc.contributor.authorNampoothiry, Pradeep Kumar
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-04T15:03:47Z
dc.date.available2020-12-04T15:03:47Z
dc.date.copyright2011
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Environmental Biologyen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.description.abstractHouse flies are the primary non-biting dipteran pest of dairy cattle and their control is of paramount importance to operate a successful dairy operation. In a binary choice laboratory bioassay conducted to assess the effectiveness of 6 plant essential oils - basil, lemongrass, peppermint, pine, geranium and lavender - as repellents to adult house flies, all the oils repelled adult house flies, to varying degrees. At the two highest doses - 42.8 [mu]l/slide and 6.7 [mu]l/slide, all oils except pine, repelled >89% flies from feeding on sugar smeared slides. The persistence of all oils across all doses declined after 24 h and still further at 72 h. Repellency of the essential oils can be attributed to the volatile bioactive components of the oil. Assessment of the above mentioned 6 essential oils as repellents of house flies when mixed with a suitable breeding medium in organic dairy barns confirmed that geranium, basil and lemongrass repelled >80% of the flies at the three highest doses (10, 20 and 50 [mu]l/g of fly rearing medium). A fly rearing medium (wheat bran, milk powder, blood meal, brewer's yeast and water) and molasses were attractive feeding substrates, and attraction persisted over a 3 d period. It is suggested that repellents and attractants could be combined together to formulate a novel 'Push-Pull' strategy, whereby house flies could be repelled or deterred away (push) from a source of attractive stimuli (e.g., cattle, bedding material) by using repellents (e.g., essential oils). The flies could be simultaneously attracted (pull), using an attractive stimulus (e.g., fly breeding medium or molasses treated with insecticides), where they would be concentrated and eliminated.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10214/22364
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectdairy operationsen_US
dc.subjecthouse fliesen_US
dc.subjectcontrollingen_US
dc.subjectrepellent essential oilsen_US
dc.subjectorganic attractantsen_US
dc.titleThe potential for controlling house flies (Musca domestica L.) in organic dairy operations with repellent essential oils and organic attractantsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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