Engaged Multiculturalism: Rethinking Inclusion in the Context of Racial Injustice
Liberal analysis of the multicultural framework offers a universalist perspective on the issues of minority cultural groups' accommodations and specifically the experiences of minority women. This dissertation presents a critique to the liberal formulations of cultural recognition and urges a recalibration of the aims of multiculturalism towards securing racial justice. My thesis proposes an engaged methodology to the category of multiculturalism, suggesting that a just account of multiculturalism cannot be developed independently of race relations and their gendered layers between dominant and nondominant groups. This thesis takes Canadian multiculturalism to the center of the analysis to draw out the lapses of the liberal execution of multiculturalism. The engaged investigation of the content of multiculturalism is guided by the Women of Colour feminisms that endorse a nonideal and relational interpretation of political subjectivity textures based on the relationship between race, gender and culture. I examine the works of Charles W. Mills, Himani Bannerji, Naomi Zack, and Maria Lugones to encourage a multiculturalism theorization that recognizes the interrelation of human groups in their heterogeneous multiplicities and dynamic formation in societies, and targets correcting injustices based on race and gender in socioeconomic structures.