"Caribou was the reason, and everything else happened after": Exploring Inuit-caribou relationships through community-based documentary film in Labrador, Canada.

dc.contributor.advisorCunsolo, Ashlee
dc.contributor.advisorHarper, Sherilee
dc.contributor.advisorDewey, Cate
dc.contributor.advisorMauro, Ian
dc.contributor.authorBorish, David
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Population Medicineen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.degree.programmePublic Healthen_US
dc.description.abstractAcross the Circumpolar North, the decline of caribou populations pose a range of complex challenges for communities that have depended, and continue to depend, on caribou for many aspects of their health and wellbeing. In Labrador, Canada, caribou herds have recently experienced rapid population declines, including a 99% decline of the George River herd, resulting in a total hunting ban placed on that herd in 2013. Despite this decline, little is known about the ways in which these population changes are affecting Inuit wellbeing across Labrador. As part of an Inuit-led multiyear, multimedia project called HERD: Inuit Voices on Caribou, this dissertation research worked in partnership with Inuit from the Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut regions of Labrador, Canada, to document, explore, and communicate Inuit knowledge and lived experiences about their relationship with caribou. The central goal was to characterize how changing caribou populations impact the health and wellbeing of Inuit through the advancement and co-production of community-based documentary film work. Data were collected through 84 in-depth, filmed interviews (Nunatsiavut region: n=54; NunatuKavut region: n=30) conducted between January-April 2019. The data were then analyzed using a video-based qualitative analysis, constant-comparative methods, and inductive qualitative approach. This research was informed by decolonizing and community-based participatory research methodologies. Results indicated that caribou are foundational for various elements of Inuit wellbeing, including culture, food security, social connections, and emotional wellbeing. The changes in caribou populations are resulting in losses to cultural knowledge; alterations to Inuit identity; influences on family, community, and regional social connections; and feelings of anxiety, sadness, and uncertainty about the future of caribou-Inuit relationships. In parallel with these findings, this dissertation also outlines the advancements made in using documentary film as a methodological strategy for qualitative research, including the benefits for collaborating with diverse groups of people and the collection, analysis, and communication of data. As a whole, the voices in this dissertation stand as an emotional, audio-visual, qualitative repository that highlight Inuit experiences of loss and distress, shares outlooks and actions of strength, hope, and resilience, and illustrates the need for Inuit leadership and guidance in caribou conservation.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSocial Sciences and Humanities Research Council
dc.description.sponsorshipPOLAR Knowledge Canada
dc.description.sponsorshipNunatsiavut Government
dc.description.sponsorshipNunatuKavut Community Council
dc.description.sponsorshipTorngat Secretariat
dc.identifier.citationBorish, D., Cunsolo, A., Snook, J., Shiwak, I., Wood, M., HERD Caribou Project Steering Committee, Mauro, I., Dewey, C., Harper, S. L. (2021). �??Caribou was the reason, and everything else happened after�?�: Effects of caribou declines on Inuit in Labrador, Canada. Global Environmental Change, 68, 102268
dc.identifier.citationdoi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102268
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectDocumentary Filmen_US
dc.subjectEmotional Well-Beingen_US
dc.subjectSocial Connectionsen_US
dc.subjectCommunity-Based Participatory Researchen_US
dc.subjectVisual Mediaen_US
dc.subjectQualitative Researchen_US
dc.subjectInuit-Caribou Relationshipsen_US
dc.title"Caribou was the reason, and everything else happened after": Exploring Inuit-caribou relationships through community-based documentary film in Labrador, Canada.en_US


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