Muslim women in Canada and social movement activity: Identity, framing processes and crystallized organizational forms
This study is an analysis of social movement activity engaged by Muslim women in Toronto, Ontario. Literature on Muslim women and social movements are drawn together here to demonstrate the importance of ideational elements in constructing collective action. Analytical tools developed in social movement theory, specifically concepts of framing processes, master frames, and crystallized organizational forms, are applied to a network of Muslim women who have organized themselves to make change in, and for, their community in Canada. I contend that individuals use empirical credibility, narrative fidelity and experiential commensurability to negotiate assertions of identity and ideology by established organizations as they participate in foundational framing processes. This study contributes to the small body of literature on Muslim women in Canada and provides an opportunity to apply analytical tools from social movement theory to an empirical context.