Soil degradation risk indicator: Organic carbon component

dc.contributor.affiliationConsultant
dc.contributor.affiliationResearch Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
dc.contributor.authorSmith, W.
dc.contributor.authorWall, G.
dc.contributor.authorMacdonald, B.
dc.contributor.authorDesjardins, R.
dc.coverage.spatialCanada
dc.coverage.spatialOntario
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-23T14:49:55Z
dc.date.available2018-07-23T14:49:55Z
dc.date.copyright1997
dc.date.created1997-09-01
dc.degree.departmentArchive of Agri-Environmental Programs in Ontarioen
dc.descriptionAgri-Environmental Indicator Project (AEI)
dc.description.abstractIn order to develop a soil organic carbon.(SOC) indicator for Eastern Canada the Century model was run for all Soil Landscape of Canada (SLC) polygons in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone of Ontario. Within each polygon, SOC dynamics were estimated for three or four crop rotations and two tillage practices. It was determined that the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone was losing SOC at the rate of -39.6, -34.9, -32.1, and 24.3 kg C ha-1 y-1 for the years 1981, 1986, 1990, and 1991, respectively. Such rates of loss are not measurable on a year to year basis and are usually considered to be at near equilibrium. The introduction of no-till agriculture is the principal factor that reduced the rate of loss of SOC. There was greater loss of SOC near the Southern tip of Ontario where agriculture is most intensive (less hay and pasture). The greatest loss of SOC was found in corn and soybean rotations and there was a gain in SOC under hay and pasture rotations. It was found that soil texture influences SOC dynamics with more SOC being lost in coarser textured soils. The Century model did a reasonable job in estimating SOC dynamics in Ontario. The model was developed and parameterized in the western US grasslands so it was expected to be more sensitive to western Canada SOC dynamics. Considering that the model has been tested successfully worldwide under various climatic, soil, and management practices there is likely no better tool for developing a soil carbon indicator at the present time.
dc.formatpdf
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10214/13951
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada
dc.relation.ispartofseriesReport No. 22
dc.rightsIn Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
dc.rights.holderAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada
dc.rights.urihttps://www.canada.ca/en/transparency/terms.html
dc.subjectagricultureen_US
dc.subjectagri-environmental indicatoren_US
dc.subjectsoil degradation risken_US
dc.subjectorganic carbonen_US
dc.subjectsoilsen_US
dc.subjectCentury modelen_US
dc.titleSoil degradation risk indicator: Organic carbon componenten
dc.title.alternativeTechnical report: Pilot study using the Century model to calculate change in soil organic carbon in Ontario soils
dc.typeTechnical report

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