Assessment of growth patterns of infants from 3 to 18 months of age living in low-income communities

dc.contributor.advisorEvers, Susan
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Andrea L. of Family Relations and Applied Nutritionen_US of Guelphen_US of Scienceen_US
dc.description.abstractAnthropometric status and growth patterns were investigated in 398 infants born in 1994 in five low income communities in Ontario, as a part of the longitudinal, prevention initiative, 'Better Beginnings', 'Better Futures'. Seventy-four percent of families lived below the poverty line. Breastfeeding initiation rate was 76.3% and 38.9% of those infants were breastfed for >=4 months. Demonstration sites had lower maternal education and higher rates of formula feeding. Growth appeared adequate; the proportion of infants >95th percentile of the NCHS reference data for weight-for-age, length-for-age and weight-for-length and head circumference was 13%, 12%, 11% and 14 respectively. Growth patterns differed between infant feeding modes and comparison and demonstration sites. Formula fed infants demonstrated greater gains in weight. Exclusively breastfed infants had the smallest weight gains from birth to 18 months. Mothers need to be apprised of these differences in infant growth to encourage longer durations of breastfeeding.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectgrowth patternsen_US
dc.subjectlow-income communitiesen_US
dc.subject3 to 18 months of ageen_US
dc.titleAssessment of growth patterns of infants from 3 to 18 months of age living in low-income communitiesen_US


Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
6.58 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format