Efficacy of Nutrition Risk Screening with NutriSTEP (Registered Trademark) in Toddlers and Preschoolers

Thumbnail Image
Boere, Michelle
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
University of Guelph

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the NutriSTEP® program; a nutrition risk screening tool with accompanying educational materials/resources for parents of toddlers and preschoolers. A wait-listed, cluster, randomized controlled trial with a post-test 3-months post-intervention was used. A convenience sample of 137 parents/caregivers were recruited at Ontario Early Years Centres in Southern Ontario. Results were analyzed using generalized estimating equations. Compared to controls, parents who received the NutriSTEP® program significantly (P < .05) increased their nutrition-related knowledge and attitudes towards nutrition-related behaviours. Parents of preschoolers receiving the intervention significantly (P < .05) increased their self-efficacy and intention scores compared to controls. Using a post-test-only design for the NutriSTEP® risk scores, there was not a significant difference (P = .05) between control and intervention groups. The NutriSTEP® program serves as an effective parent-targeted assessment tool and education intervention which can affect changes in determinants of child nutrition risk behaviours.

Nutri-eSTEP, NutriSTEP, nutrition, preschooler, screening, theory of planned behavior, toddler