Attempts to prepare tethered bilayer lipid membranes using synthetic thioglycolipid anchors: synthesis of 6”-thiotrisaccharide glycolipid analogues and applications.

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Singh, Serena
Su, Zhangfei
Grossutti, Michael
Auzanneau, France-Isabelle

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The synthesis of the three 6”-deoxy-6”-thio glycolipid analogues β-D-Gal-(1→6)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-Glu-(1→OCH2)-[1,2,3]-triazole-1-dodecane, β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-Glu-(1→4)- β-D-Glu-(1→OCH2)-[1,2,3]-triazole-1-dodecane and β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-Glu-(1→4)-β-D-Glu-(1→OCH2)-[1,2,3]-triazole-1-octadecane is presented. Glycosylation at position O-4’ of a propargyl cellobioside glycosyl acceptor and position O-6’ of a propargyl lactoside glycosyl acceptor with a 6-deoxy-6-thio galactosyl donor gave rise to two unique trisaccharides that in turn underwent copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloadditions with either 1-azidododecane or 1-azidooctadecane. The potential for each of these analogues to function as tethers of lipid bilayers to Au(111) surface was assessed by differential capacitance experiments. A monolayer of the previously described monosaccharide 1-octadecane-4-(6-thio-β-D-galacto-pyranosyloxymethyl)-[1,2,3]-triazole either self-assembled or prepared by Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) transfer was found to support an outer leaflet monolayer (DMPC/cholesterol, 70:30) deposited by Langmuir-Schaefer (LS) touch. The bilayers obtained with this monosaccharide analogue had minimum differential capacitances of 1.0 and 0.9 µF/cm2 when the inner monolayer was prepared by self-assembly and LS touch, respectively. Attempts to produce bilayers using the trisaccharides synthesized here were unsuccessful; we are attributing these unsuccessful results mostly to the high water solubility of trisaccharides combined with the relatively short length of the hydrocarbon chains used in this study.



Bilayer Lipid Membrane, Carbohydrate Chemistry, Tethers