Parameter Regime Giving Zero Quantum Coherent Information of A Non-Pauli Quantum Channel

Liu, Tong
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University of Guelph

In quantum information theory, in order for two (or more) parties to communicate, there must be a communication channel. The two central quantities that must be considered are quantum channel capacity and the quantum coherent information. The first describes the capability for a given channel to communicate the required quantum information and the latter describes the amount of information that has been successfully transmitted through the corresponding quantum channel. The capacity of a quantum channel is actually a function of the coherent information, and so the basic step for getting the channel capacity is to calculate its coherent information which serves as a lower bound on the capacity. Generally speaking, it is hard to find the capacity of a given quantum channel, this is because of regularization which is to introduce additional process to solve an ill-conditioned problem. Comparing to general quantum channels, the capacity is easily achieved for the two fundamental classes of quantum channels, degradable and antidegradable, in such a way that degradable channels have capacity given exactly by the coherent information and antidegradable channels have zero coherent information. However, this is not true for general quantum channels, by all means that, under certain restrictions, it is possible to find a non-Pauli quantum channel such that its coherent information is zero but its capacity is non-zero.

Quantum Channel Capacity, Quantum Coherent Information