Heterogeneous and homogeneous hydrogenation catalysts for the selective deoxygenation of biomass feedstocks

dc.contributor.advisorSchlaf, M.
dc.contributor.authorDi Mondo, Domenico
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-24T15:43:27Z
dc.date.available2020-08-24T15:43:27Z
dc.date.copyright2011
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistryen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.description.abstract Project I: 'Metal-Ligand Bifunctional Homogenous Ionic Hydrogenation by a Ruthenium(II) Complex containing the 6,6'-diamino-2,2 '-bipyridine ligand.' The complexes [Ru(II)([eta]5-C5H5)(bipy)(CH 3CN)](OTf) [6], and [Ru(II)([eta]5-C 5H5)(dabipy)(CH3CN)](OTf) [7] were postulated to be active hydrogenation catalysts, both complexes were synthesized and fully characterized by 1H/13C NMR, mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography. The ability of [7] to operate through a concerted metal ligand bifunctional mechanism was then demonstrated by comparing its activity to that of the analogous non-aminated system [6] using the hydrogenation of various carbonyls under acidic conditions, with the carbonyls as the solvent and substrate (neat). Project II: 'Activation of316 Stainless Steel as a Catalyst for the Hydrogenation of Biomass-derived Substrates under Acidic Aqueous Conditions.' A series of hydrogenation experiments with glycerol in aqueous acidic medium under reducing conditions (hydrogen pressure) and as a function of temperature and acid concentration demonstrated the ability of these reaction conditions to activate 316SS as a hydrogenation catalyst.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10214/19624
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectheterogeneousen_US
dc.subjecthomogeneousen_US
dc.subjecthydrogenationen_US
dc.subjectcatalystsen_US
dc.subjectselective deoxygenationen_US
dc.subjectbiomass feedstocksen_US
dc.titleHeterogeneous and homogeneous hydrogenation catalysts for the selective deoxygenation of biomass feedstocksen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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