Heterogeneous and homogeneous hydrogenation catalysts for the selective deoxygenation of biomass feedstocks
Project I: 'Metal-Ligand Bifunctional Homogenous Ionic Hydrogenation by a Ruthenium(II) Complex containing the 6,6'-diamino-2,2 '-bipyridine ligand.' The complexes Ru(II)([eta]5-C5H5)(bipy)(CH 3CN) , and Ru(II)([eta]5-C 5H5)(dabipy)(CH3CN)  were postulated to be active hydrogenation catalysts, both complexes were synthesized and fully characterized by 1H/13C NMR, mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography. The ability of  to operate through a concerted metal ligand bifunctional mechanism was then demonstrated by comparing its activity to that of the analogous non-aminated system  using the hydrogenation of various carbonyls under acidic conditions, with the carbonyls as the solvent and substrate (neat). Project II: 'Activation of316 Stainless Steel as a Catalyst for the Hydrogenation of Biomass-derived Substrates under Acidic Aqueous Conditions.' A series of hydrogenation experiments with glycerol in aqueous acidic medium under reducing conditions (hydrogen pressure) and as a function of temperature and acid concentration demonstrated the ability of these reaction conditions to activate 316SS as a hydrogenation catalyst.