Structure of 186,188Os studied with (3He, d) reactions

dc.contributor.advisorGarrett, P.E.
dc.contributor.advisorSvensson, C.E.
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Andrew A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-07T16:43:54Z
dc.date.available2020-12-07T16:43:54Z
dc.date.copyright2009
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Physicsen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.description.abstractThe vibrational nuclear structure in Os isotopes has been the subject of debate for decades. In particular, the nature of the <math> <f> 4+<inf>3</inf></f> </math> level was contested to be double quadrupole phonon ([gamma][gamma]) or a single hexadecapole phonon. The [gamma][gamma] view is based on collective B(E2) values from Coulomb excitation and lifetime studies. The single hexadecapole phonon interpretation is supported by a population of the state in single-proton (t,[alpha]) transfer reaction work and an enhanced E4 matrix element from inelastic scattering of [alpha] particles and protons. The proponents of each point of view offer criticisms to the other, but no new experimental work had been performed recently to aid in a resolution. We set out to add more data to this debate by performing a single-proton (3He,d) transfer reaction experiment. The experiment was performed at the Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory in Garching, Germany. The 30 MeV 3He beams provided by the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator bombarded 185,187Re targets while the Q3D spectrograph analyzed the momenta of light ions and focused them onto a focal plane detector for identification and energy measurements. The spectrograph was rotated to angles between 5° and 50° for the transfer reaction work and cross sections were deduced for excited states in 186,188 Os. Results show a significant <math> <f> <fr><nu>5</nu><de>2</de></fr><hsp sp="0.167"><hsp sp="0.167"> <hsp sp="-0.167">+<fen lp="sqb">402<rp post="sqb"></fen><inf> <g>p</g></inf>+<fr><nu>3</nu><de>2</de></fr><hsp sp="0.167"> <hsp sp="0.167"><hsp sp="-0.167">+402 <inf><g>p</g></inf></f> </math> squared amplitude for the <math> <f> 4+<inf>3</inf></f> </math> level consistent with Quasiparticle Phonon Model calculations predicting a dominant hexadecapole component and a large [gamma][gamma] component.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10214/23137
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectOsmium 186en_US
dc.subjectOsmium 188en_US
dc.subjectdouble quadrupole phononen_US
dc.subjectsingle hexadecapole phononen_US
dc.subjecttransfer reaction experimenten_US
dc.titleStructure of 186,188Os studied with (3He, d) reactionsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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