A Marxian/Gramscian analysis of Ontario's 1995 passive revolution and subsequent reforms to its education system

Trebych, Michael
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University of Guelph

The following analysis will link changes in Ontario's polarizing job market to the standardized exams introduced by the Ontario Tories in 1995. Utilizing a systematic dialectical methodology against a backdrop of the falling rate of profit in Canada between 1947 to the present, the analysis will trace the erosion of the forms of hegemony to the point where the transition to a global economy was made via a passive revolution in Ontario. The introduction of the exams and civics courses will be seen as an index marking a transition from a decadent to a minimal level of hegemony. The development of Canada's education system has historically mirrored that of the Keynesian Welfare State (KWS); consequently, when examined through the lens of Marxian value theory, the standardized exams will be argued as a mechanism regulating access to an increasingly polarizing labour market by regulating access to Ontario's universities.

Ontario, job market, standardized exams, education system, reform