Exploring environmental drivers and potential methods of transmission of Campylobacter in Ontario, Canada using One Health approaches

dc.contributor.advisorGreer, Amy
dc.contributor.authorCousins, Melanie
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-05T15:11:15Z
dc.date.available2018-09-05T15:11:15Z
dc.date.copyright2018-08-17
dc.date.created2018-08-17
dc.date.issued2018-09-05
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Population Medicineen_US
dc.degree.grantorUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.degree.programmePopulation Medicineen_US
dc.description.abstractEnteric illnesses from bacteria such as Campylobacter use the environment as a major reservoir during their transmission between humans and animals. Therefore, this thesis aimed to explore the environmental drivers and transmission pathways of Campylobacter in Ontario from a One Health perspective. The first study explored environmental factors and their effect on Campylobacter in the human and farm populations using Negative Binomial regression and case-crossover analyses. Results showed that campylobacteriosis incidence was affected by temperature, precipitation, and water level and flow. This lead to the second study in which a model of Ontario Campylobacter transmission was proposed to examine the hypothesis that house flies act as a mechanical vector. The model suggested that with the predicted changes to fly dynamics under climate change, we can expect increased campylobacteriosis incidence. The data from both studies provides insight into Campylobacter dynamics and how it may be affected as the global temperature rises.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCanadian Institutes of Health Research
dc.description.sponsorshipOntario Veterinary College
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10214/14201
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Guelphen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectCampylobacteren_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental driversen_US
dc.subjectOne Healthen_US
dc.subjectInfectious disease modelen_US
dc.subjectTransmissionen_US
dc.titleExploring environmental drivers and potential methods of transmission of Campylobacter in Ontario, Canada using One Health approachesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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