Heterogeneity of Food Consumption Pattern across different Ethnic groups in Ontario, Canada

Balasubramaniyam, Nishanthy
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University of Guelph

The purpose of this research is to examine the heterogeneity of food consumption pattern across different ethnic groups in Ontario. Specific objectives of this study are: (1) to examine the role of different ethnic groups on fruit and vegetable consumption, and (2) to examine the role of different ethnic groups on convenience food consumption. Negative binomial and Zero-inflated negative binomial models were used to model fruit and vegetable consumption, while bi-variate probit regression was used for convenience food consumption. The Canadian Consumer Health Survey 2012/2013 data was used for analysis. Results revealed that different ethnic groups have a significant different fruit and vegetable consumption and convenience food consumption pattern. The length of residence and immigrant residential status in Canada has significant impact on few categories of food.

Ethnicity, heterogeneity, fruit and vegetable, convenience food