Associations between lifestyle dietary behaviours and leisure time physical activity in community dwelling persons with chronic spinal cord injury

Knight, Katherine H. M.
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University of Guelph

'Background'. Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) may develop secondary complications which may be prevented by lifestyle health behaviours. 'Objectives'. (1) Investigate lifestyle behaviours in adults with chronic SCI; (2) determine association between leisure-time physical activity and dietary behaviours: compliance to Canada's Food Guide (CFG) and USDA Food Pyramid, oral hydration, distribution of energy intake, dietary fat, fibre consumption. 'Methods'. An investigation of 75 individuals with chronic SCI. Methods included multiple pass 24 hour dietary recalls and the Physical Activity Recall Assessment for Persons with Spinal Cord Injury. Statistical analysis comprised of multiple correspondence analysis. 'Results'. Highly active persons consumed 27.2-34.2% energy from fat and >=18.5g/d fibre; they were associated with complying to CFG and less likely to comply with the USDA Food Pyramid than those who were not active. 'Conclusions'. Highly active individuals with SCI are associated with healthful lifestyle dietary behaviours than those who are less active.

lifestyle, dietary behaviours, leisure time, physical activity, community dwelling, chronic, spinal cord injury