Nutrient intakes of preschoolers (3-5 years old): Risk factors and sociodemographic characteristics associated with selected nutrients

Stroud, Jill
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University of Guelph

The nutrient intakes of a convenience sample of 254 preschoolers, aged 3 to 5 years, in Ontario were assessed using 3-day estimated food records. Compared to the Dietary Reference Intakes, the sample was adequately nourished with the following exceptions: mean intakes of fibre, vitamin K, and potassium were below reference values. Multiple linear regression was used to identify independent predictor covariates for each of the selected nutrients. The variance accounted for by the regression models was very low, suggesting that factors other than sociodemographic characteristics may be more important in predicting preschoolers' nutrient intakes. The most important predictor covariates for the nutrients examined were frequency of decreased appetite due to frequent drinking during the day, child's age and marital status of the index parent.

nutrient intakes, preschoolers, Ontario, risk factors, sociodemographic characteristics