Pollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollen

dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDe Jong, David
dc.contributor.authorda Silva, Eduardo Junqueira
dc.contributor.authorKevan, Peter G.
dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, James L.
dc.date.accessioned2011-02-25T20:18:51Z
dc.date.available2011-02-25T20:18:51Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.degree.departmentSchool of Environmental Sciencesen
dc.description.abstractAdequate substitutes for pollen are necessary for maintaining healthy bee colonies during periods of pollen dearth, but testing them objectively is both time consuming and expensive. We compared two commercial diets with bee collected pollen and acacia pod flour (used by beekeepers in some parts of Brazil) by measuring their effect on haemolymph protein contents of young bees exclusively fed on these diets, which is a fast and inexpensive assay. The commercial diets included a new, non-soy-based, pollen substitute diet (named Feed-Bee®) and a soy-based diet, named Bee-Pro®. The diets were each given in patty form to groups of 100 Africanized honey bees in hoarding cages, maintained and fed from emergence until six days of age. Sucrose, in the form of sugar syrup, was used as a protein free control. Feed-Bee®, Bee-Pro®, pollen and acacia pod flour diets increased protein titers in the haemolymph by factors of 2.65, 2.51, 1.76 and 1.69, respectively, over protein titers in bees fed only sucrose solution. The bees fed Feed-Bee® and Bee-Pro® had their haemolymph significantly enriched in protein compared to the controls and those fed acacia pod flour and to titers slightly higher than those fed pollen. All four proteinaceous diets were significantly superior to sucrose alone.
dc.identifier.citationDe Jong, D., da Silva, E. J., Kevan, P. G., and Atkinson, J. L. "Pollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollen." Journal of Apricultural Research and Bee World 48.1 (2009): 34-37. https://doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.48.1.08.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10214/2467
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.rights.licenseAll items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectpollenen_US
dc.subjectsubstituteen_US
dc.subjectdieten_US
dc.subjecthoney beeen_US
dc.subjectproteinen_US
dc.subjecthaemolymphen_US
dc.subjectProsopis julifloraen_US
dc.subjectsoybeanen_US
dc.subjectApis melliferaen_US
dc.titlePollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollenen_US
dc.typeArticleen

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