The Ecclesiological Gothic Revival in Southwestern Ontario: Three Churches By Gordon W. Lloyd (1832-1905)
During the mid-nineteenth century, England experienced a regained interest in the Gothic Revival architectural style. Eventually, the doctrines outlined in English nineteenth-century Gothic Revival publications made their way to Canada, and Gothic subsequently became the preferred building style of various architects who were building Anglican churches in southwestern Ontario. The little-studied architect Gordon W. Lloyd was one of them. Born and trained in England, Lloyd had become well acquainted with the discourse on Gothic Revival architecture coming out of England. During the 1800s, Lloyd began building several Anglican churches in the Gothic Revival style in the Huron diocese of Ontario, including St. John’s Anglican Church, Strathroy (1863- Lloyd addition in 1874), Trinity Anglican Church, St. Thomas (1876-77), and New St. Paul’s Anglican Church, Woodstock (1877-79). In this study I examine these three Lloyd churches to determine where they fit into the larger picture of England and Canada’s nineteenth-century Gothic architectural Revival.