An Integrated Framework for Wireless Sensor Network Management

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Karim, Lutful
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University of Guelph

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have significant potential in many application domains, and are poised for growth in many markets ranging from agriculture and animal welfare to home and office automation. Although sensor network deployments have only begun to appear, the industry still awaits the maturing of this technology to realize its full benefits. The main constraints to large scale commercial adoption of sensor networks are the lack of available network management and control tools for determining the degree of data aggregation prior to transforming it into useful information, localizing the sensors accurately so that timely emergency actions can be taken at exact location, and scheduling data packets so that data are sent based on their priority and fairness. Moreover, due to the limited communication range of sensors, a large geographical area cannot be covered, which limits sensors application domain. Thus, we investigate a scalable and flexible WSN architecture that relies on multi-modal nodes equipped with IEEE 802.15.4 and IEEE 802.11 in order to use a Wi-Fi overlay as a seamless gateway to the Internet through WiMAX networks. We focus on network management approaches such as sensors localization, data scheduling, routing, and data aggregation for the WSN plane of this large scale multimodal network architecture and find that most existing approaches are not scalable, energy efficient, and fault tolerant. Thus, we introduce an efficient approach for each of localization, data scheduling, routing, and data aggregation; and compare the performance of proposed approaches with existing ones in terms of network energy consumptions, localization error, end-to-end data transmission delay and packet delivery ratio. Simulation results, theoretical and statistical analysis show that each of these approaches outperforms the existing approaches. To the best of our knowledge, no integrated network management solution comprising efficient localization, data scheduling, routing, and data aggregation approaches exists in the literature for a large scale WSN. Hence, we e±ciently integrate all network management components so that it can be used as a single network management solution for a large scale WSN, perform experimentations to evaluate the performance of the proposed framework, and validate the results through statistical analysis. Experimental results show that our proposed framework outperforms existing approaches in terms of localization energy consumptions, localization accuracy, network energy consumptions and end-to-end data transmission delay.

Wireless Sensor Network, Routing Protocol, Localization, Data Aggregation, Packet Scheduling, Energy Efficiency, Large Scale