The Yamuna River Restoration Project: A socio-economic impact assessment emphasizing the effects imposed on women in Manoli and Jagdishpur, Sonipat District, Haryana State, India
The purpose of this study is to contribute to a socio-economic impact assessment of the Yamuna River Restoration Project. Specifically, this paper examines the potential gendered implications imposed in Manoli and Jagdishpur, two villages located in the State of Haryana, India. Research methods include: a secondary data analysis, informal group discussions, questionnaires, and interviews. Data was sorted and analyzed through qualitative coding and Statistics Programming for Social Sciences. A reliance on frequency distributions permitted the responses to be described in percentage format. Primary results indicate that while residents from Manoli are more exclusively dependent upon land within the embankments, both villages rely on this land for a combination of economic and social purposes. The relatively lower socio-economic status of individuals from Jagdishpur however, compromises their ability to cope with the effects of agricultural displacement. It can also be concluded that a vast percentage of women from both areas are directly involved in agricultural activities on this land. Thus, any attempt to mitigate the effects of occupational displacement through the provision of alternative employment options should appropriately account for both genders. Finally, the potential for this project to alter the decision-making status of women is related to changes in their working contributions to household income. It is recommended that this factor not be overlooked when weighing project costs and benefits.