Implementation of conservation systems - Pilot Watershed Study, SWEEP
The mandate of the Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program (SWEEP) was to reduce phosphorus loadings to the Lake Erie basin and to maintain or improve agricultural productivity by reducing or correcting soil erosion and degradation. Conservation cropping and tillage systems were identified as the best means to achieve these goals over such a wide geographic region as the Lake Erie watershed. The Pilot Watershed Study (PWS) was developed as a means of evaluating the impact of conservation systems on soil erosion and degradation, water quality and crop production when implemented on a watershed basis. This report documents the modelling activities undertaken as part of the PWS, specifically the implementation of conservation systems. The specific objectives of this study were: 1) to achieve a high level of adoption of the most appropriate soil and water conservation practices among farm operators utilizing lands in the test watersheds, 2. to determine the nature and degree of changes in relevant soil and water quality parameters and crop yields as influenced by 'basin-wide' soil and water practices, and 3. to prepare information about the sub-program activities and results and to transmit this to participating farmers and other related SWEEP sub-programs.