Theses & Dissertations

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    Reimagining the Lord Mayor’s Shows: Constructing a 3-D Model of Bower’s Tomb from Anthony Munday’s Chrysanaleia (1616)
    (University of Guelph, ) Smith, Thomas; Martin, Kimberley
    This thesis examines the Lord Mayor’s Shows of early modern London and their importance to the history of the City of London and their Guilds. This thesis takes on the Lord Mayor’s Show Chrysanaleia: The Golden Fishing as its focus, written by Anthony Munday in 1616. This thesis also explores the experiences of pageant goers and how their experiences were impacted by their social class in early modern London. Using the journal of Horatio Busino, and other primary sources, three narrators have been created for the “Anthony Munday’s Chrysanaleia VR Experience.” These narrators include Mary Smith, a poor orange-woman, Horatio Busino, chaplain to the Contarini family of Venice, and the Lord Mayor himself, Sir John Leman. The model used in this experience was created by the author, using illustrations of the pageant cart and other sources to create a realistic 3-D model of the Bower’s Tomb from Chrysanaleia. This thesis is meant as a springboard for others attempting to create a VR experience for the Lord Mayor’s Shows.
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    Sympathetic Bystanders: The Dissemination of the Holocaust and Reactions by Gentile Britons, 1939-1945
    (University of Guelph, ) Javor, Andrew; McDougall, Alan
    This thesis examines the depth to which the dissemination of the Holocaust in the British mainstream media resonated amongst the Gentile British population and how their reactions to European Jewry’s destruction influenced their government’s responses to it. The resonance of the Final Solution was inhibited by large segments of the Gentile British population displaying varying degrees of anti-Semitism, contending with tight censorship guidelines by the Ministry of Information towards Jewish “atrocity story” propaganda and the unbelievability of the news. However, British public opinion was found to be sympathetic toward the plight of continental European Jews, and their government's understanding of this forced it to proclaim the 17 December 1942 Declaration, publicly acknowledging the Holocaust, and led to the Bermuda Conference of April 1943 to explore options for rescuing Jews from Nazi-occupied Europe. Although these British-led initiatives did not produce results, both had been primarily influenced by British public opinion.
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    “This Cozy Biel O’ Tibbie Shiel.” Tourism Development and Rural Hospitality in the Borders of Scotland in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
    (University of Guelph, ) Northey, Andrew; James, Kevin
    This thesis uses a collection of visitors’ books, travel guidebooks and newspaper articles to explore the Scottish Borders and its role in supporting tourism initiatives from the late eighteenth century into the twentieth century. The fascination with the Highlands overshadowed earlier interest in the Borders. Where the Highlands represented new experiences, the Borders became more familiar to English travellers, which caused travellers to focus on the Highlands. As a result, the Borders slipped into the background of the tourist’s view, which made their historical experience as a tourist destination largely unexplored. In reality, the Scottish Borders facilitated the exploration of Scotland through its road systems and places of accommodation asit developed industrially and economically. This project explores changes to Scotland’s image as it evolved during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and how the Borders played a role in this development. This project also investigates the convergence of gender, tourism and hospitality in the Borders, using a case study of Tibbie Shiel’s Inn at St. Mary’s Loch, Selkirkshire. It explains how Tibbie Shiel’s Inn became integrated with the broader network of travel accommodations in nineteenth-century Scottish Borders and how Tibbie Shiel’s Inn became an iconic tourism attraction.
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    Nationalist Propaganda And Woman Question In Manchukuo’s Early Period: Education, Mass Media, And Literature
    (University of Guelph, ) Li, Rui; Smith, Norman
    The establishment of Manchukuo (1932-1945) was an attempt at a brand-new national system. Under such unprecedented circumstances, the intellectuals of Manchukuo and Japan began to promote the official ideology of Manchukuo to construct a new discourse system, and its government set about reforming the education system to accommodate Manchukuo’s propaganda discourse. Policymakers chose “the Kingly Way” as the Manchukuo’s nation-building discourse to unify the people living in Manchukuo. Under this nationalist discourse, the requirements for women, “Good Wife, Wise Mother,” became the key to the discourse system. By analyzing the official propaganda discourse of Manchukuo, this study concludes that its internal logic was still based on the hegemony of patriarchal discourse. This study also analyzes the literary works of several female writers to explore the internal logic of being recipients and resisters of the official propaganda discourse system of Manchukuo so as to describe the living conditions of women during the Manchukuo rule.
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    “Suspeitos na Fé”: Humanists at the Colégio das Artes in Coimbra, Portugal 1548-1555.
    (University of Guelph, ) Silva Paiane, Henrique; Ferreira, Susannah
    As part of João III’s (r. 1521-1557) educational reform, the establishment of the Colégio das Artes in Coimbra, Portugal, in 1548, brought to the country the methods of the prestigious University of Paris. However, it also brought to Portugal the complex intellectual and religious conflicts that pervaded sixteenth-century Europe, namely the humanist-scholastic debate and the threat of Reformation. Initially led by professors associated with Christian humanism and Erasmian ideas, the Colégio was out of place in a country that was increasingly dominated by conservative influences, and during 1548-1555 it would experience an ideological shift that reflected Portugal’s alignment with Catholic orthodoxy. Such a shift was demonstrated by the arrest and trial of the professors João da Costa, Diogo de Teive, and George Buchanan by the Portuguese Inquisition, the Colégio’s institutional and pedagogical changes, and its handover to the Society of Jesus. This thesis shows that the fear of Reformist ideas, either encapsulated in or confused with Christian humanist views, drove the Colégio’s ideological shift in the 1548-1555 period. But in eliminating those views, Portugal also backed away from the very humanistic ideals that the country had sought with its educational reform.