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- ItemAccess to public washrooms in Guelph project: Maps report(2023) Wilson, Edith; Bonnycastle, Adam; Laban, Sam; Laughlin, StaceyPublic washrooms are important for everyone in Guelph, but washrooms aren’t always available and not everyone has access to washrooms when they need them. Sometimes people are forced to go outside, especially in the Downtown area. Other people may be forced to stay at home if public washrooms are closed or not accessible to them. This collaborative project between the City of Guelph, the Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics (University of Guelph) and the Guelph Lab identified ways to improve access to public washrooms in the City of Guelph. It includes maps that demonstrate what type of washrooms are available and when washrooms are available at different times of year, different times of day, and different days of the week.
- ItemAntimicrobial-resistance of Escherichia coli in dogs and cats: A scoping review protocol(None, 2023-09-25) Ojasanya, Rasaq; Weese, Scott; Poljak, Zvonimir; Sobkowich, Kurtis; Bernardo, TheresaBackground: Escherichia coli is one of the most prevalent bacteria affecting dogs and cats globally. The occurrence of bacterial diseases has promoted the use of antimicrobials. Antimicrobial use is associated with the risk of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in companion animals, thereby making bacterial diseases challenging to treat. E. coli can rapidly adapt, change, acquire, and discard genes to its advantage, consequently resisting several classes of antimicrobials within the host. Dogs and cats can serve as reservoirs of AMR due to their exposure to antimicrobials and close association with humans. Globally, surveillance of AMR has primarily been implemented for food-producing animals due to the risk of potential transfer of AMR genes to the human population through the food chain. Surveillance efforts of similar intensity for companion animals have yet to be implemented despite their closeness to humans. Objectives: The primary objective of this scoping review is to identify and summarize existing research on AMR in E. coli among dogs and cats, noting the purpose of AMR testing and determining knowledge gaps to inform future research. Eligibility criteria: Full text publication on the AMR of E. coli among dogs and /or cats must be accessible in English and should pertain to primary research. Sources of evidence: The search will be conducted from 1990 onwards using the following databases: MEDLINE® via Ovid, Web of Science (Core Collection), Biological Science Collection via ProQuest, AGRICOLA, and CAB Direct. Additional searches will be conducted in Google Scholar. Charting methods: Data will be characterized from the articles that met the criteria for inclusion after both primary and secondary screening.
- ItemDeterminants of health and disease dynamics preceding emerging disease at the human-wildlife-livestock interface: a scoping review protocol(2023-09-21) Macdonald, Alaina; Parmley, E. Jane; Grant, Lauren; Jardine, ClaireEmerging diseases at the human-wildlife-livestock interface are often zoonotic, hold high pandemic potential, and have high current and future risks to global health security. Development of health-based, “upstream” surveillance methods could elucidate patterns and risk factors leading to disease, and inform policy and interventions designed to maintain or improve population health. This protocol outlines a scoping review to investigate determinants of health and emerging disease in the context of the global human-wildlife-livestock interface. Four databases will be searched, including Web of ScienceTM, Medline via OVID, CAB Direct (CABI) and Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Criteria for eligibility include full text availability in English, focus on emerging disease affecting human, livestock and wildlife at their interface, and incorporation of disease dynamics and/or changes in host, agent or environmental characteristics. Articles that focus on in vitro work or that are not peer-reviewed primary literature (including scoping or systematic reviews) will be excluded. Results will be uploaded to Covidence, de-duplicated, then screened by two reviewers. Data charting will include classification and name of disease or topic, classification of livestock and wildlife species, geographic location, risk factors or determinants of health/disease, study design, study focus, and author-reported study limitations and calls to action. These findings will improve understanding of health maintenance at the intersection of wild and domestic species, and will provide sentinel factors which might be used to develop health-based surveillance strategies.
- ItemCurrent data inputs from human, animal and environmental sources utilized for Leptospira and leptospirosis surveillance studies - a scoping review protocol(2023) Libera, Kellie; Robinson, Sarah; Clow, Katie; Weese, J. Scott; Parmley, E. Jane; Jardine, ClaireThere is limited information on best practices for leptospirosis disease surveillance, and very few studies have attempted a One Health approach. An initial step in designing a framework for a One Health surveillance approach is to identify which data, risk factors and surveillance methods are currently being used to inform Leptospira monitoring. The results of this scoping review may contribute to further critical exploration and evaluation of data collection and utilization in leptospirosis surveillance. A better understanding of current surveillance methods will allow future research to recognize potential gaps in surveillance data, identify opportunities to integrate animal, human and environmental data, and explore solutions for devising a common One Health surveillance approach.