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    Perinatal Mental Health Project: Screening Prevalence in the Waterloo Region
    (2024-01) Linares-Roake, Julia; Armstrong, Jamie; Nelson, Karen; Jackson, Elizabeth
    The Research Shop at the University of Guelph and members of the Perinatal Mental Health Coalition of the Waterloo Region collaborated to better understand the use of perinatal mental health screening tools for pregnant, expecting, and new parents/guardians in the Waterloo region. The Perinatal Mental Health Coalition helps new and expecting parents within the Waterloo region receive the mental health supports that they need, throughout all stages of pregnancy and post-partum life. Together, the Research Shop and the Perinatal Mental Health Coalition administered short surveys to health practitioners and parents/guardians in the Waterloo region to better understand current practices around perinatal mental health screenings. A snapshot of mental health screening experiences across parents and health care providers suggests that the Waterloo Region faces similar challenges. Parents indicated mixed experiences of perinatal mental health screenings, which could be dependent on their health care provider.
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    Supporting Youth Transitions: Are We Listening? Transition Aged Youth Study, Phase Two
    (2024-01) Linares Roake, Julia; Walker, Justina; Nelson, Karen; Jackson, Elizabeth; Furtado, Jessica; Lukawiecki, Jessica; Armstrong, Jamie
    Since 2018, Community Living Organizations across Southwestern Ontario, as well as colleagues from Sunbeam Community and Developmental Services, have partnered with the Research Shop, part of the Community Engaged Scholarship Institute (CESI) at the University of Guelph for a multi-year research project. The purpose of this collaboration was to build upon previous research (see Notwell et al., 2019) to better understand the current circumstances of young adults who had transitioned from the child welfare system into adult developmental services. Specifically, the focus was on those individuals known as Transition Aged Youth (TAY), or individuals between 18 to 29 years old. This current study and report focus on life post-transition and how service providers were (or were not) meeting the current needs of youth who had recently transitioned. The research team conducted a total of 21 virtual interviews (via phone call or Zoom) with six TAY and 15 service providers across adult services agencies in Southwestern Ontario. Findings from the interviews revealed many themes about transition experience, although some themes differ between TAY and service provider interviews. Findings are detailed in the full report, as well as in a summary report.
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    The impact of social isolation on laboratory rodent health: a protocol for a systematic review
    (2024-01-25) Cait, Jessica; Avey, Marc T.; Mason, Georgia J.
    The objective of this protocol is to define the methods for a systematic review to assess the impact of social isolation on laboratory rodent health and research results.
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    Motor and cognitive performance in children with developmental coordination disorder: A scoping review of assessment tools and the role of technology
    (2024) De Melo, Kristen; De Oliveira, Julia M.; Niechwiej-Szwedo, Ewa; Schott, Nadja; Vallis, Lori Ann
    Background: Cognitive and motor skills are critical components of our activities of daily living. Throughout childhood, the development of these skills is tightly linked (Land et al., 2013). Early assessment of these skills is crucial to capture any indications of functional delay that may incur due to atypical development (Cairney et al., 2007; Schoemaker et al., 2006); one such condition is developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Assessments of cognitive and motor function are often performed separately using different tools and tests, making results less generalizable to ecologically relevant or real-world settings that require highly integrated sensorimotor and cognitive control (Blank et al., 2019). Emerging technological advances may facilitate better, more integrated assessment tools for clinicians by providing highly accurate, precise, and objective assessments of cognitive and sensorimotor functions in typically and atypically developing school-aged children; at present we have a limited understanding of the frequency and type of technology currently used in clinical assessment tools. The purpose of this scoping review is to synthesize scientific knowledge regarding the use of tools in the clinical assessment of sensorimotor skills and cognitive function in school-aged children with DCD. Methods: The present review will retrieve sources from 1980 to April 26, 2023 in peer-reviewed databases, including PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycInfo. To be included, publications have to be intervention studies, randomized, non-randomized, and/or clinical trials and include: [1] children 7-18 years old diagnosed with DCD, [2] cognitive assessments and/or sensory function assessments, [3] technological and/or non-technical assessment tools, [4] assessments of motor skills/abilities, and [5] be written in the English, French, or German languages. Methods of assessment related to cognitive learning (e.g., dyslexia) are excluded. Information pertaining to the types of technology used, the sensory input tested, types of movements, assessment outcome variables, and the types of tests utilized will be extracted for analysis. Discussion: This review aims to determine how technology could be used to facilitate and modernize an integrated clinical assessment of cognitive, sensorimotor, and locomotor development; results and implications will be discussed.
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    Wyndham House Concurrent Specialized Youth Hub: Program Evaluation
    (2023-12) linares, Annais; Johnston, Erica; Cole, Ashley; Schnarr, Kendra
    In December 2022, Wyndham House partnered with the Research Shop at the Community Engaged Scholarship Institute to conduct a program evaluation of their concurrent specialized youth hub (the Hub). The Hub offers low-barrier, complex-capable care for homeless youth under the age of 25 navigating mental health challenges and substance use issues. This evaluation study examined the impact of the Hub in accordance with guidelines set by current and future funders and collected feedback from clients, staff, and key stakeholders to inform services and programs moving forward. Through a combination of client surveys, service records, discharge summaries, service provider and key informant interviews, and a client arts-based focus group, this study demonstrated that the Hub has had desirable impacts in the Guelph-Wellington community. While the Hub is not able to reach all vulnerable youth in Guelph-Wellington, evidence show that it has filled existing gaps and met client needs, improved clients' access to housing and other basic needs, improved clients' health and wellbeing, created and supported connections with and between youth, and has had positive impacts in the broader community.
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    Policy Matters: Literature Review & Annotated Bibliography
    (2023-12) Samardzic, Tanja; Pompilii, Brittany
    Between 2021-23, student researchers, Tanja Samardzic and Britanny Pompilii, from the University of Guelph’s Community Engaged Scholarship Institute, were engaged to work with Sustainable Livelihoods Canada in the development of an Annotated Bibliography and an associated Literature Review. The work of the student researchers was supervised by Dr. Mary Ferguson of Eko Nomos, an independent consultancy. The student researchers were asked to search for and review scholarly and other written works pertaining the experiences of women who had experienced gender based violence in relation to 6 policy areas: access to supports and services, child custody and access, criminal justice/criminalization, housing security, income security and status. The reviewers each feel honoured to have been chosen to perform this work on behalf of Sustainable Livelihoods Canada for the evaluation and learning work on the Rebuilding Lives Grant stream with the Canadian Women’s Foundation. They likewise feel indebted to the numerous scholars and activists who provided the literary sources upon which these documents are based.
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    A protocol for a scoping review to examine evidence of the transmission of infectious agents from humans to dogs
    (2023-12-13) Pritchard, Peggy A.; Weese, J. Scott; Chalmers, Karli E.; Coe, Jason B.; Van Patter, Lauren E.; Spence, Kelsey L.
    The benefits to human health and wellness of interacting with pets are well documented, as is the evidence that pets and other domesticated and wild animals can, and do, transmit infectious agents to humans. However, the transmission of pathogens from humans to pets and other, non-human animals is significantly understudied and seldom documented. This represents a significant gap in our knowledge and understanding of the risks associated with human-animal interactions. This protocol outlines the methods that will be used to conduct a scoping review to identify and summarize the literature documenting the transmission of infectious agents from humans to domestic dogs. It is the hope of the authors that this scoping review will begin to redress the historically human-centric approach to investigating disease transmission.
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    In the wake of canada's violent eugenic legacies: An urgency to ReVision Fitness
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023-12-11) Bailey, Aly; Bessey, Meredith; Rice, Carla; Kelly, Evadne; McHugh, Tara-Leigh; Punjani, Salima; Dube, Bongi; Tshuma, Paul; Besse, Kayla; Sookpaiboon, Skylar; Quest, Seeley
    “Fitness” is a loaded term. Gaining prominence in the early 20th century, eugenics imperatives coded bodies of difference—racialized bodies, fat bodies, disabled bodies—as “unfit," which became grounds for discrimination and elimination through practices of institutionalization and sterilization, and exclusionary public space, marriage and immigration laws (Kelly, Boye, & Rice, 2021; Kelly, Manning, et al., 2021). Systemic racism, along with sexism, classism, and ableism fueled the matrix of eugenic thinking and politics that worked to establish hierarchies of human and non-human life and to provide needed rationale for european colonial control of large swaths of the world (Strange & Stephen, 2010).
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    Defining Terms Used for Animals Working in Support Roles for People with Support Needs
    (MDPI, 2022-08-04) Howell, Tiffani J.; Nieforth, Leanne; Thomas-Pino, Clare; Samet, Lauren; Agbonika, Sunday; Cuevas-Pavincich, Francisca; Fry, Nina E.; Hill, Kristine; Jegatheesan, Brinda; Kakinuma, Miki; MacNamara, Maureen; Mattila-Rautiainen, Sanna; Perry, Andy; Tardif-Williams, Christine Y.; Walsh, Elizabeth A.; Winkle, Melissa; Yamamoto, Mariko; Yerbury, Rachel; Rawat, Vijay; Alm, Kathy; Avci, Ashley; Bailey, Tanya; Baker, Hannah; Benton, Pree; Binney, Catherine; Boyle, Sara; Brandes, Hagit; Carr, Alexa M.; Coombe, Wendy; Coulter, Kendra.; Darby, Audrey; Davies, Lowri; Delisle, Esther; Enders-Slegers, Marie-Jose; Fournier, Angela; Fox, Marie; Gee, Nancy; Graham, Taryn M.; Hamilton-Bruce, Anne; Hansen, Tia G.B.; Hart, Lynette; Heirs, Morag; Hooper, Jade; Howe, Rachel; Johnson, Elizabeth; Jones, Melanie; Karagiannis, Christos; Kieson, Emily; Kim, Sun-A; Kivlen, Christine; Lanning, Beth; Lewis, Helen; Linder, Deborah; Mai, Dac Loc; Mariti, Chiara; Mead, Rebecca; Ferreira, Gilly M.; Ngai, Debbie; O�Keeffe, Samantha; O�Connor, Grainne; Olsen, Christine; Ormerod, Elizabeth; Power, Emma R.; Pritchard, Peggy A.; Rodriguez, Kerri; Rook, Deborah; Ruby, Matthew B.; Schofield, Leah; Signal, Tania; Steel, Jill; Stone, Wendy; Symonds, Melissa; Rooy, Diane v.; Warda, Tiamat; Wilson, Monica; Young, Janette; Bennett, Pauleen
    The nomenclature used to describe animals working in roles supporting people can be confusing. The same term may be used to describe different roles, or two terms may mean the same thing. This confusion is evident among researchers, practitioners, and end users. Because certain animal roles are provided with legal protections and/or government-funding support in some jurisdictions, it is necessary to clearly define the existing terms to avoid confusion. The aim of this paper is to provide operationalized definitions for nine terms, which would be useful in many world regions: “assistance animal”, “companion animal”, “educational/school support animal”, “emotional support animal”, “facility animal”, “service animal”, “skilled companion animal”, “therapy animal”, and “visiting/visitation animal”. At the International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) conferences in 2018 and 2020, over 100 delegates participated in workshops to define these terms, many of whom co-authored this paper. Through an iterative process, we have defined the nine terms and explained how they differ from each other. We recommend phasing out two terms (i.e., “skilled companion animal” and “service animal”) due to overlap with other terms that could potentially exacerbate confusion. The implications for several regions of the world are discussed.
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    Revisioning Fitness through a relational community of practice: Conditions of possibility for access intimacies and body-becoming pedagogies through art making
    (MDPI, 2023-10-23) Bessey, Meredith; Bailey, K. Aly; Besse, Kayla; Rice, Carla; Punjani, Salima; McHugh, Tara-Leigh E.
    ReVisioning Fitness is a research project and community of practice (CoP) working to reconceptualize “fitness” through a radical embrace of difference (e.g., trans, non-binary, queer, Black, people of colour, disabled, and/or fat, thick/thicc, curvy, plus sized), and a careful theorising of inclusion and access. Our collaborative and arts-based work mounts collective resistance against the dominant power relations that preclude bodymind differences within so-called “fitness” spaces. In this work, we build queer, crip, and thick/thicc alliances by centring relational and difference-affirming approaches to fitness, fostering a radical CoP that supports dissent to be voiced, access intimacies to form, and capacitating effects of body-becoming pedagogies to be set in motion. In this article, we consider how conditions of possibility both co-created and inherited by researchers, collaborators, and the research context itself contributed to what unfolded in our project and art making (multimedia storytelling). By a radical CoP, we mean that we mobilise a more relational and difference-affirming notion of CoP than others have described, which often has involved the reification of sameness and the stabilisation of hierarchies. Further, we call on leaders in fitness organisations to open conditions of possibility in their spaces to allow for alternative futures of fitness that centre difference.
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    Understanding the Impacts of Compass Community Services' TeleConnect Program
    (2023-10) Walker, Justina; Wrathall, Meghan; Khan, Aiza
    Compass Community Services (CCS) provides a range of mental health and social support services to the Guelph–Wellington community and the surrounding area. One unique, free service offered by CCS is the TeleConnect program, an outbound call service providing emotional support, socialization, wellness checks, medication reminders, motivation, and assistance with accessing resources to isolated community members on a daily basis. Most referrals for TeleConnect come from health care providers who are unable to provide the level of support required by clients. In early 2023, CCS partnered with the Research Shop, part of the Community Engaged Scholarship Institute (CESI) at the University of Guelph, to determine the impact of TeleConnect on the community. The aim of the collaboration is to have evidence-based research to help evaluate and verify the impact of TeleConnect on the community of Guelph–Wellington. To achieve these goals, the researchers conducted surveys with TeleConnect clients, community health partners, and CCS staff and volunteers. Results from these surveys demonstrate that TeleConnect supports community and individual health and wellbeing, reduces social isolation, and, overall, positively impacts clients and the healthcare system in the Guelph–Wellington community.
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    Mapping the Maternal Health Research Landscape in Nunavut: A Systematic Search and Critical Review of Methodology
    (Elsevier, 2020-07-24) Brubacher, Laura Jane; Dewey, Cate E.; Cunsolo, Ashlee; Humphries, Sally; Healey Akearok, Gwen K.; Gong, Crystal; Harper, Sherilee L.
    Nunavut’s maternal healthcare system is characterized by rapid transition from community-based birth to a practice of obstetric evacuation and institutionalized birth. Given calls for Inuit self-determination in research, maternal health research – which informs healthcare practices and policies – may need to be conducted differently, using different research methodologies, to include Inuit women’s voices and lived experiences. In light of these calls, this article systematically synthesized the published maternal health literature in Nunavut and critically examined reported research methods. This systematic search and critical review involved a comprehensive database search and multi-level eligibility screening conducted by two independent reviewers. Data on the temporal, geographic, methodological, and topical range of studies were extracted, then descriptive statistics were calculated to summarize these data. A hybrid inductive and deductive qualitative analysis of the full-text articles was conducted to critically analyze research methodology. The initial search yielded 2,656 distinct articles and twenty-eight articles met the inclusion criteria. These articles were published from 1975-2016, mostly used quantitative research methodology (71.4%), were written from clinical perspectives (57.1%), and focused on maternity care (53.6%). Emergent themes related to both the contributions and areas for growth of research methodology in the conceptualization, initiation, implementation, reporting, and knowledge mobilization stages of the research process. This review revealed opportunities for maternal health researchers to: redress the ongoing impacts of colonization; further include Inuit definitions of health and perspectives on birth in study designs; explore new methodologies that resonate with Inuit ways of knowing; continue (re)aligning research with community priorities; and move from consultation and collaborative partnership in research to Inuit leadership and data ownership. Indeed, this review illustrates that at each step of the research process, opportunity exists for Inuit perspectives and active involvement to shape and define maternal health research in Nunavut.
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    On heartbreak, livelihoods and art: Affect and crip desire in art making assemblages
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023-10-15) Collins, Kimberlee; Jones, Chelsea Temple; Rice, Carla
    This article explores the affective dimensions of disabled, D/deaf, mad, and neurodiverse artists’ work through a livelihoods framework informed by the social and tacit dimensions of heartbreak. Heartbreak emerged during interviews with twenty artists in Canada in 2020, during a time of significant state- based policy changes that impacted disabled people’s livelihoods in the province of Ontario. Taken together, the artists’ stories form a rhizomatic cartography that takes crip wisdom and desire as significant elements of artmaking amid wider relational assemblages of affect. Drawing on Deleuzian and Guattarian concepts of desire and Puar’s difference-in/as-assemblage, researchers assert that although crip artmaking is not without joy, heartbreak is embedded in the politically aesthetic work of cultural production.
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    COVID-19 in Perspective: Witness Seminar
    (2023-10-05) Carstairs, Catherine; Greer, Amy
    This is a Witness Seminar: COVID-19 In Perspective, which explores the response to COVID-19 in the province of Ontario. Participants included: Erin Ariss; Hugh Armstrong, Pat Armstrong, Ananya Banerjee, Adalsteinn Brown, David Fishman, Colleen M. Flood, Lawrence Loh, Alisson McGeer, Eric Merkely, Tara Moriarty and Samir Sinha.
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    Access to public washrooms in Guelph project: Maps report
    (2023) Wilson, Edith; Bonnycastle, Adam; Laban, Sam; Laughlin, Stacey
    Public washrooms are important for everyone in Guelph, but washrooms aren’t always available and not everyone has access to washrooms when they need them. Sometimes people are forced to go outside, especially in the Downtown area. Other people may be forced to stay at home if public washrooms are closed or not accessible to them. This collaborative project between the City of Guelph, the Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics (University of Guelph) and the Guelph Lab identified ways to improve access to public washrooms in the City of Guelph. It includes maps that demonstrate what type of washrooms are available and when washrooms are available at different times of year, different times of day, and different days of the week.
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    Antimicrobial-resistance of Escherichia coli in dogs and cats: A scoping review protocol
    (None, 2023-09-25) Ojasanya, Rasaq; Weese, Scott; Poljak, Zvonimir; Sobkowich, Kurtis; Bernardo, Theresa
    Background: Escherichia coli is one of the most prevalent bacteria affecting dogs and cats globally. The occurrence of bacterial diseases has promoted the use of antimicrobials. Antimicrobial use is associated with the risk of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in companion animals, thereby making bacterial diseases challenging to treat. E. coli can rapidly adapt, change, acquire, and discard genes to its advantage, consequently resisting several classes of antimicrobials within the host. Dogs and cats can serve as reservoirs of AMR due to their exposure to antimicrobials and close association with humans. Globally, surveillance of AMR has primarily been implemented for food-producing animals due to the risk of potential transfer of AMR genes to the human population through the food chain. Surveillance efforts of similar intensity for companion animals have yet to be implemented despite their closeness to humans. Objectives: The primary objective of this scoping review is to identify and summarize existing research on AMR in E. coli among dogs and cats, noting the purpose of AMR testing and determining knowledge gaps to inform future research. Eligibility criteria: Full text publication on the AMR of E. coli among dogs and /or cats must be accessible in English and should pertain to primary research. Sources of evidence: The search will be conducted from 1990 onwards using the following databases: MEDLINE® via Ovid, Web of Science (Core Collection), Biological Science Collection via ProQuest, AGRICOLA, and CAB Direct. Additional searches will be conducted in Google Scholar. Charting methods: Data will be characterized from the articles that met the criteria for inclusion after both primary and secondary screening.
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    Human Trafficking: Hotels, Motels, and Rurality
    (2022) MacDiarmid, Laura; Ramsammy, Noah; Barrett, Anna-Lisa; Figliola, Sara; Waseem, Amtul
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    Determinants of health and disease dynamics preceding emerging disease at the human-wildlife-livestock interface: a scoping review protocol
    (2023-09-21) Macdonald, Alaina; Parmley, E. Jane; Grant, Lauren; Jardine, Claire
    Emerging diseases at the human-wildlife-livestock interface are often zoonotic, hold high pandemic potential, and have high current and future risks to global health security. Development of health-based, “upstream” surveillance methods could elucidate patterns and risk factors leading to disease, and inform policy and interventions designed to maintain or improve population health. This protocol outlines a scoping review to investigate determinants of health and emerging disease in the context of the global human-wildlife-livestock interface. Four databases will be searched, including Web of ScienceTM, Medline via OVID, CAB Direct (CABI) and Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Criteria for eligibility include full text availability in English, focus on emerging disease affecting human, livestock and wildlife at their interface, and incorporation of disease dynamics and/or changes in host, agent or environmental characteristics. Articles that focus on in vitro work or that are not peer-reviewed primary literature (including scoping or systematic reviews) will be excluded. Results will be uploaded to Covidence, de-duplicated, then screened by two reviewers. Data charting will include classification and name of disease or topic, classification of livestock and wildlife species, geographic location, risk factors or determinants of health/disease, study design, study focus, and author-reported study limitations and calls to action. These findings will improve understanding of health maintenance at the intersection of wild and domestic species, and will provide sentinel factors which might be used to develop health-based surveillance strategies.
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    Current data inputs from human, animal and environmental sources utilized for Leptospira and leptospirosis surveillance studies - a scoping review protocol
    (2023) Libera, Kellie; Robinson, Sarah; Clow, Katie; Weese, J. Scott; Parmley, E. Jane; Jardine, Claire
    There is limited information on best practices for leptospirosis disease surveillance, and very few studies have attempted a One Health approach. An initial step in designing a framework for a One Health surveillance approach is to identify which data, risk factors and surveillance methods are currently being used to inform Leptospira monitoring. The results of this scoping review may contribute to further critical exploration and evaluation of data collection and utilization in leptospirosis surveillance. A better understanding of current surveillance methods will allow future research to recognize potential gaps in surveillance data, identify opportunities to integrate animal, human and environmental data, and explore solutions for devising a common One Health surveillance approach.
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    Counter Melodies and Creativity: Filling the gaps in a rural Colorado school
    (IGI Global, 2023-08) Brown, Sophie; Bobyak, Lindsay
    This chapter provides an introduction to the Pre-Texts method for integrating civics, innovation, and literacy. It draws on the experience of Lindsay Bobyak and Sophie Brown in using Pre-Texts with elementary students as part of Creative Roots Collective, which provides educational opportunities in rural Colorado. This chapter provides tangible strategies for elementary teachers and educators which can improve literacy and oracy outcomes for students and bridge the gap between the idealism and practicality of a creative, collaborative, and co-owned classroom experience. The chapter provides vignettes of the arts-based protocol in action and breaks down the component Pre-Texts activities. Finally, the authors look at positive changes in student behavior and provide guidance for integrating Pre-Texts into the classroom.