Main content

Control of the intestinal parasite Nosema ceranae in Apis mellifera using nutraceuticals, prebiotics and probiotics

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Guzman, Ernesto
dc.contributor.advisor Goodwin, Paul Borges, Daniel 2015-09-17T20:33:52Z 2016-09-09T05:00:17Z 2015-09 2015-09-09 2015-09-17
dc.description.abstract Nosema ceranae is a damaging parasite of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. The only registered treatment is the antibiotic fumagillin. Thirteen nutraceuticals, three prebiotics and three probiotics were examined as novel alternative compounds for controlling N. ceranae. Caged bees were inoculated with N. ceranae spores, and treatments were administered in sugar syrup. The most effective nutraceuticals were sulforaphane (from cruciferous vegetables), completely eliminating N. ceranae spores but causing 100% bee mortality at higher doses, and naringenin (from citrus), reducing spores by 70% but only causing 10% bee mortality. The most effective prebiotic was acacia gum, reducing spores by 50% but causing over 60% bee mortality. The most effective probiotic was Protexin Concentrate© single-strain (ProtexinC1), reducing spores by 50% and significantly increasing bee survival above uninfected, Nosema-free control bees. Future research on reducing sulforaphane and acacia gum toxicity is needed. Naringenin and ProtexinC1, however, are promising new controls for N. ceranae. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Ontario Beekeepers' Association, Ontario Graduate Scholarship Program, University of Guelph, Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Nosema ceranae en_US
dc.subject nutraceuticals en_US
dc.subject prebiotics en_US
dc.subject probiotics en_US
dc.subject Apis mellifera en_US
dc.subject gut microbiota en_US
dc.title Control of the intestinal parasite Nosema ceranae in Apis mellifera using nutraceuticals, prebiotics and probiotics en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Environmental Sciences en_US Master of Science en_US School of Environmental Sciences en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View Description
Borges_Daniel_201509_MSc.pdf 1.653Mb PDF View/Open MSc Thesis for Daniel Borges, September 2015

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada