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The establishment of apple orchards as temperate forest garden systems and their impact on indigenous bacterial and fungal population abundance in Southern Ontario, Canada

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dc.contributor.advisor Van Acker, Rene
dc.contributor.advisor Martin, Ralph
dc.contributor.author Wartman, Paul
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-06T15:17:55Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-06T15:17:55Z
dc.date.copyright 2015-05
dc.date.created 2015-04-29
dc.date.issued 2015-05-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/8817
dc.description.abstract This thesis investigated soil microbial abundances affected by different ground management systems in establishing apple (Malus domestica cv. Idared, M9) orchards in Ontario. Four treatments including forest garden systems with and without compost (FGSC and FGS) and grass understory systems with and without compost (GC and G) were established, sampled and analyzed over the establishing two years for gene copy abundance of soil arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, total fungi, and total bacteria using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions. From Spring2013 to Fall2014 soil bacterial abundance decreased by -0.78, -0.84, -0.86, and -0.88 ±0.08 Log 16S gene copies g-1 dry soil, total soil fungal abundance increased by 2.12, 1.86, 1.82, and 1.78 ±0.15 Log ITS gene sequence copies g-1 dry soil, and AM fungal abundance decreased by -1.73, -2.15, -2.23, -2.04 ±0.55 Log AML gene sequence copies g-1 dry soil within respective treatments FGSC, FGS, GC, and G. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Arthur D. Latornell en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject temperate en_US
dc.subject forest garden system en_US
dc.subject apple en_US
dc.subject perennial en_US
dc.subject perennial polyculture en_US
dc.subject agroforestry en_US
dc.subject restorative agriculture en_US
dc.subject permaculture en_US
dc.subject agroecology en_US
dc.subject arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi en_US
dc.subject soil fungi en_US
dc.subject soil bacteria en_US
dc.subject soil microbes en_US
dc.subject soil microorganisms en_US
dc.subject Ontario en_US
dc.subject biodiversity en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject soil organic matter en_US
dc.subject ground management system en_US
dc.subject food forest en_US
dc.subject edible forest garden en_US
dc.title The establishment of apple orchards as temperate forest garden systems and their impact on indigenous bacterial and fungal population abundance in Southern Ontario, Canada en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Plant Agriculture en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Plant Agriculture en_US


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Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada