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A Comparison of Various Conceptualizations of Acculturation and the Prediction of Adaptation of International Students

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Title: A Comparison of Various Conceptualizations of Acculturation and the Prediction of Adaptation of International Students
Author: Playford, Kealee; Safdar, Saba
Abstract: This paper examines differences between three conceptualizations of acculturation (contact, adoption and identification), and compares them in terms of their ability to predict three different kinds of adaptation: psychological well-being, psychological ill-being, and socio-cultural difficulties. The three acculturation conceptualizations yielded different distributions of participants across four acculturation strategies (integration, separation, assimilation, and marginalization), and the inter-measure agreement between the three conceptualizations was poor. Regarding the predictive ability of the three conceptualizations, combining the contact and adoption concep- tualizations provided the best predictor of socio-cultural difficulties. However, find- ings varied by measure of adaptation: the acculturation conceptualizations predicted well-being but not ill-being; and socio-cultural adaptation predicted ill-being but not well-being. These results support the growing evidence that well-being and ill-being are distinct constructs rather than representing opposite poles of the same continuum. The possibility that ill-being is a better measure than well-being for acculturation re- search is discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/4065
Date: 2007
Rights Holder: Impuls
Terms of Use: All items in the Atrium are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Citation: Playford, K. & Safdar, S. (2007). Various conceptualization of acculturation and the prediction of international students adaptations (37-66). In A. Chybicka & M. Kazmierczak (Eds.). Appreciating diversity: Cultural and gender issues. Cracow, Poland: Impuls.


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