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NITROGEN CYCLING AND WEED DYNAMICS IN A PEA-COVER CROP-SWEET CORN ROTATION

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Title: NITROGEN CYCLING AND WEED DYNAMICS IN A PEA-COVER CROP-SWEET CORN ROTATION
Author: O'Reilly, Kelsey
Department: Department of Land Resource Science
Program: Land Resource Science
Abstract: The effect of cover crops on N and weed dynamics was assessed within a pea (Pisum sativum L.) – cover crop – sweet corn (Zea mays L.) rotation. Cover crops of oat (Avena sativa L.), perennial rye (rye) (Secale cereale L.), oilseed radish (OSR) (Raphanus sativus L. var. oleoferus Metzg Stokes), and OSR plus perennial rye (OSR+rye) increased plant available N (PAN) over the cover crop growing season compared to the no cover control at the Bothwell site only. However, at neither site did cover crops result in increased PAN for the sweet corn, indicating that these cover crops will not reduce required N fertilizer applications. Also, cover crops posed neither an increased or decreased need for weed management during sweet corn production. However, OSR may be useful in pesticide reduced programs due to its potential ability to reduce fall herbicide applications, provided it does not set viable seed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/2013
Date: 2009-09-16


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